This Visual Studio Code extension provides interactive IDE features for verifying Rust programs with the Prusti verifier.
For advanced use cases, consider switching to the command-line version of Prusti.
An example of how verification errors are reported by the extension:
In order to use this extension, please install the following components:
If anything fails, check the "Troubleshooting" section below. Note that macOS running on M1 is currently not supported by this extension.
- Install the requirements (listed above) and restart the IDE.
- This will ensure that programs like
rustup are in the program path used by the IDE.
- Install the "Prusti Assistant" extension.
- Open a Rust file to activate the extension.
- At its first activation, this extension will automatically download Prusti and install the required Rust toolchain.
- Click on the "Prusti" button in the status bar.
- Alternativelly, you can run the
Prusti: verify the current crate or file command.
- If the program is in a folder with a
Cargo.toml file, Prusti will verify the crate in which the file is contained.
- If no
Cargo.toml file can be found in a parent folder of the workspace, Prusti will verify the file as a standalone Rust program. No Cargo dependencies are allowed in this mode.
- Follow the progress from the status bar.
- You should see a "Verifying crate [folder name]" or "Verifying file [name]" message while Prusti is running.
- The result of the verification is reported in the status bar and in the "Problems" tab.
- You can open the "Problems" tab by clicking on Prusti's status bar.
- Be aware that the "Problems" tab is shared by all extensions. If you are not sure which extension generated which error, try disabling other extensions. (Related VS Code issue: #51103.)
To update Prusti, run the command
Prusti: update verifier in the command palette.
If anything fails, check the "Troubleshooting" section below.
This extension provides the following commands:
Prusti: verify the current crate or file to verify a Rust program. Clicking the "Prusti" button in the status bar runs this command.
Prusti: update verifier to update Prusti.
Prusti: show version to show the version of Prusti.
Prusti: restart Prusti server to restart the Prusti server used by the extension.
Prusti: clear diagnostics to clear all diagnostics generated by the extension.
The main configuration options used by this extension are the following:
prusti-assistant.verifyOnSave: Specifies if programs should be verified on save.
prusti-assistant.verifyOnOpen: Specifies if programs should be verified when opened.
prusti-assistant.checkForUpdates: Specifies if Prusti should check for updates at startup.
prusti-assistant.javaHome: Specifies the path of the Java home folder. Leave empty to auto-detect it.
prusti-assistant.prustiVersion: Allows to choose between the latest published Prusti version (the default), a fixed release specified as a GitHub tag (see the list of releases), or a local build of Prusti.
Inline Code Diagnostics
This extension automatically provides inline diagnostics for Prusti errors.
Basic code-completion snippets are provided for Prusti annotations.
By default, Prusti transparently caches verification requests. To clear the cache, it's enough to restart the Prusti server with the commands described above.
If Prusti fails to run, you can inspect Prusti's log from VS Code (View -> Output -> Prusti Assistant) and see if one of the following solutions applies to you.
|On Windows, Visual Studio is installed but the
rustup installer still complains that the Microsoft C++ build tools are missing.
|When asked which workloads to install in Visual Studio make sure "C++ build tools" is selected and that the Windows 10 SDK and the English language pack components are included. If the problem persists, check this Microsoft guide and this Rust guide. Then, restart the IDE.
|The JVM is installed, but the extension cannot auto-detect it.
||Open the settings of the IDE, search for "Prusti-assistant: Java Home" and manually set the path of the Java home folder. Alternatively, make sure that the
JAVA_HOME environment variable is set in your OS. Then, restart the IDE.
|Prusti crashes mentioning "Unexpected output of Z3" in the log.
||Prusti is using an incompatible Z3 version. Make sure that the
Z3_EXE environment variable is unset in your OS and in the settings of the extension. Then, restart the IDE.
error[E0514]: found crate 'cfg_if' compiled by an incompatible version of rustc
|There is a conflict between Prusti and a previous Cargo compilation. Run
cargo clean or manually delete the
target folder. Then, rerun Prusti.
error: the 'cargo' binary, normally provided by the 'cargo' component, is not applicable to the 'nightly-2021-09-20-x86_64-unknown-linux-gnu' toolchain
error[E0463]: can't find crate for std
error[E0463]: can't find crate for core
|The Rust toolchain installed by Rustup is probably corrupted (see issue rustup/#2417). Uninstall the nightly toolchain mentioned in the error (or all installed nightly toolchains). Then, rerun Prusti.
error: no override and no default toolchain set
|Rustup has probably been installed without the
default toolchain. Install it, then rerun Prusti.
libssl.so.1.1: cannot open shared object file: No such file or directory on Ubuntu 22.04
|Ubuntu 22.04 deprecated
libssl1.1 and moved to
libssl3. Consider this solution as a temporary workaround to install
libssl1.1, or compile Prusti from source code to make it use
|On macOS running on an M1 chip, the extension doesn't work and the log contains messages such as
incompatible architecture (have (arm64), need (x86_64)).
|We currently don't release precompiled arm64 binaries for macOS. Until we do so, the only option is to compile Prusti from source code.
Thanks to @Pointerbender, @michaelpaper, @fcoury, @Gadiguibou, @djc for their help in reporting, debugging and solving many of these issues!
In case you still experience difficulties or encounter bugs while using Prusti Assistant, please open an issue or contact us in the Zulip chat.