Solidity support for Visual Studio code
Solidity is the language used in Ethereum to create smart contracts, this extension provides:
Using a different version of the solidity compiler
Sometimes you may want to use a different compiler than the one provided. You can find all the different versions in the solc-bin repository https://github.com/ethereum/solc-bin/tree/gh-pages/bin
Currently we support three ways supported to use a different version of the solidity compiler.
When selecting remote download the compiler gets download from the solc-bin repository.
You will need to change the following user setting, with the version required, for example
You can simply change this setting using the context menu:
Using a Local file
If you don't have an internet connection, you can download the compiler from https://github.com/ethereum/solc-bin/tree/gh-pages/bin and change your user settings to use this.
This setting takes prefernce over the remote installation.
Npm / node installation
Another option, is to use the solc npm package in your project, if this setting is enabled it will try to find the compiler in your node_modules.
Note: The above compilers, have an order of preference when using different settings are: Local node installation (Npm / node installation) will be used first, Local file second and finally remote.
If you are working on an specific project using an older version, you can use npm install locally to target that specefic version, without affecting the global setting.
But if you want to use the latest version of solidity for all the projects and have online connectivity all the time, use the setting:
In case one of your dependencies has a nested dependency on a solc version, effectively breaking the remote version setting from above, you have to disable the node compiler like so:
ERC, ERC drafts and Smart contracts snippets / reference
It is pretty hard sometimes to find interfaces or information about an EIP (ERC) or specific libraries to simply get started working with Solidity. The solidity extension now includes ERC approved and most drafts (wip) to help get you started.
Just type ```erc`` and select the erc example or interface you want.
Smart contract project interfaces
In a similar to way to ERCs and as we work towards to more interoperable smart contracts, being able to quickly examine those interfaces that you want to integrate is a time saver.
The current release includes the interfaces for Uniswap V2 (to get started), just type ```uni`` to list them all.
Note: If an ERC or your project is not included, please create a pull request. Note: Only established projets will be included.
Optimize for how many times you intend to run the code. Lower values will optimize more for initial deployment cost, higher values will optimize more for high-frequency usage. The default value is 200.
If you're using
If you have a deeper structure, like
Your user settings configuration will need to represent the full structure:
Dappsys (old ERC)
The project / library dependency structure can use the DappSys library model, this was the default mode before as it was part of an ERC:
Libraries will have the same name as their folder they are included. Solidity files will be in the 'src' folder. Libraries will be included in the 'lib' folder.
Currently there is no name conflicting resolution, so the first library found matching a name, will be the first one used.
The user settings for this structure is:
Just press Ctrl + Space or Command + Space to autocomplete statements, currently supported all the storage variables, functions and events (with snippets) included in the current document and every document in the import chain. Also supported all the global variables, global functions, types and units.
Auto compilation and error highlighting
Auto compilation of files and error highlighting can be enabled or disabled using user settings. Also a default delay is implemented for all the validations (compilation and linting) as solidity compilation can be slow when you have many dependencies.
There are two linters included with the extension, solhint and solium / ethlint. You can chose your preferred linter using this setting, or disable it by typing ''
To lint Solidity code you can use the Solhint linter https://github.com/protofire/solhint, the linter can be configured it using the following user settings:
This extension supports
This is the default linter now.
NOTE: Solhint plugins are not supported yet.
Solium / Ethlint
Solium is also supported by the extension https://github.com/duaraghav8/Solium, you can configure it using the following user settings:
Formatting using Prettier and the Prettier Solidity Plugin
Formatting is provided thanks to the Prettier plugin for Solidity for more info check https://prettier.io/ and https://github.com/prettier-solidity/prettier-plugin-solidity
Formatting uses the default formatting settings provided by prettier, if you want to provide your custom settings create a .prettierrc file as follows
If you would like to format on save, add this entry to your user / workspace settings:
Code generation Nethereum
The extension integrates with the Nethereum code generator to create Contract integration definitions. You can either generate the api for a single contract, all compiled contracts, or automatically every time you compile a smart contract solidity file.
The simplest way to code generate a the contract definition for a smart contract is to right click and select the project / language you require:
Automatic code generation and the Nethereum Code generation settings file.
If you want to automatically code generate your api, every time to you compile, you can do this creating a file "nethereum-gen.settings" at the root of your project, with the following contents. You can create it automatically using the context menu too.
"lang" indicates what language to generate the code, 0 = CSharp, 1 = Vb.Net and 3 = FSharp
The "projectName" and "namespace" settings will be used for the manual code generation also.
Use the "projectPath" to set the relative path of your .Net project, this allows to work in a "solution" mode so you can work as an both in Visual Studio Code and Visual Studio (Fat) with your .Net project, or two windows of vscode.
Abi contract code generation
You may have only the abi of a smart contract and want to code generate the contract definition. Just create a file containing the abi, with the extension
Single smart contract manual code generation
To code generate the Nethereum contract api from a single smart contract, you need to select the compiled "json" output file from the "bin" folder, press F1 and start typing "Solidity: Code generate" and select what language you want to generate for the current selected file.
All smart contracts manual code generation
To code generate the Nethereum contract for all smart contracts already compiled, just press F1, and start typing "Solidity: Code generate" and select the option for all contracts for your desired language.
(Depricated) Analysis of smart contracts with Mythx
Mythx analysis tool, has been moved to its own stand alone extension, please download it here.
Contributing / Issues / Requests
For ideas, issues, additions, modifications please raise an issue or a pull request at https://github.com/juanfranblanco/vscode-solidity/ and send a message on gitter at https://gitter.im/vscode-solidity/Lobby or https://gitter.im/Nethereum/Nethereum to get an instant notification.
Many thanks to:
Christian Reitwiessner and the Ethereum team for Solidity https://github.com/ethereum/solidity
Raghav Dua and everyone that contributed to Solium, the solidity linter, and the solidity parser.
Ilya Drabenia for creating the Solhint linter and the integration into the extension.
Nexus team for the original creation of the dappfile to structure contracts in projects https://github.com/nexusdev/dapple.
Beau Gunderson for contributing the initial integration of solium https://github.com/juanfranblanco/vscode-solidity/issues/24, the initial server and error mappings.
Mattia Richetto, Klaus Hott Vidal and Franco Victorio for creating the Prettier Solidity plugin and of course all the developers of Prettier. Please go to https://github.com/prettier-solidity/prettier-plugin-solidity for help and collaboration.
Bram Hoven for starting the multiple package dependency support for different environments (node_modules, lib)
Piotr Szlachciak for refactoring the syntaxes
Forest Fang for providing the implementation of the "Go to definition", allowing you to navigate to structs, contracts, functions calls, etc
Bernardo Vieira for adding the capability to read the solium settings from a file in the workspace root directory.
Mirko Garozzo and Rocky Bernstein for the work on creating and integrating the Mythx api to analyse smart contracts.
Nick Addison, Elazar Gershuni, Joe Whittles, Iñigo Villalba, Thien Toan, Jonathan Carter, Stefan Lew, Nikita Savchenko, Josh Stevens, Paul Berg for their contributions.
Sebastian Bürgel for keeping reminding me of the offline installation suppport
David Krmpotic and Ralph Pichler for the original Sublime extension https://github.com/davidhq/SublimeEthereum
Everyone for their support and feedback!