amiga-debug Visual Studio Code Extension (Windows only)
One-stop Visual Studio Code Extention to compile, debug and profile Amiga C/C++ programs compiled by the bundled gcc 12.1 with the bundled WinUAE.
This fully self-contained extension will help you to quickly develop demos, intros, games, etc. for the Amiga 500, 1200, 4000. It supports C and C++, however no standard library is available. It comes with advanced productivity features like debug overlay, frame profiler, graphics debugger and size profiler.
Here's a video showing off all the new features of v1.1, including the frame profiler and graphics debugger: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=gQ4tKisnr7Y
- Install the extension from the Visual Studio Code Marketplace
- Create a new empty project folder with
File > Open Folder...
- From the command palette Ctrl+Shift+P select
Amiga: Init Project
- (optional, but recommended)
- either: open settings Ctrl+, and under
Amiga C/C++ Compile, Debug & Profile point
Rom-paths: A500 to your Kickstart 1.3 ROM
- or: open
.vscode/launch.json and point
"kickstart" to your Kickstart 1.3 ROM
- Hit F5 to build and run a minimal sample project
- If you prefer C++ instead of C, just rename
- No additional tools required. Everything is included (except Kickstart ROM 😒). Ready to go make your next Amiga 500 production!
- State-of-the-art code generation by GCC with Link-Time-Optimizations (LTO) for increased performance and smaller code size
- IntelliSense for C, C++, and assembly (VASM or GAS)
- Full source-level and assembly-level debugging with callstack, breakpoints, data breakpoints (watchpoints), watches, registers, memory view with GDB-enabled WinUAE
- Fully AmigaOS compatible via included .h files
- Output to debug console from WinUAE
- WinUAE warp-launch (turbo-boot)
- WinUAE warp-mode control from your Amiga project (speed up precalc during development)
- WinUAE debug overlay, full control from your Amiga project
- Frame Profiler: function-level + DMA cycles profiling (A500, A1200 (PAL) only)
- Graphics Debugger: replay a captured frame cycle by cycle and watch your bitmaps change in real-time; Visualize all blitter operations, bitmap writes, copper list, custom registers (OCS only)
- Size Profiler: profile the size of your executable by functions, data and references
- Shrinkler executable cruncher with size profiling: profile the size of your compressed executable (right-click Amiga EXE files in the explorer)
- Disassembly: Show disassembly of ELF file incl. 68000 cycle count and correlation with source code (right-click Amiga ELF files in the explorer)
- Terminal window with access to the build tools
- Extension automatically mounts executable's directory as
dh1:, allowing for reading and writing files.
Amiga: View Memory,
Amiga: Set Force Disassembly,
Amiga: View Disassembly (Function) are available from the command palette Ctrl+Shift+P
- Use the command
Amiga: Open Terminal to open a shell with the environment set to use the included tools like
gnumake etc. (e.g.
- Frame Profiler: function-level + DMA profiling: during a debugging session, press the
Profile button on the right of the debug toolbar, and 1 frame will be profiled. Press the rightmost button to profile 50 frames. Mark your WaitVBLs etc with calls to
debug_stop_idle() to show correct CPU usage under thumbnails.
- Size Profiler: profile the size of your executable: right-click an ELF file in the Explorer, and select
Amiga: Profile File Size
- All the profilers write (sometimes rather large) files in your temp directory. If you're low on disk space, use
Amiga: Clean Temp Files
- WinUAE debug overlay: see debug_* calls in template project's main.c
- ^ = single step, Pause = pause/resume Page-up = warp mode
- all necessary options are already configured for Amiga 500, Kickstart 1.3 (for debugging), if you want to change some things (resolution, window size, etc.) just go into the
Configurations tab, select
default, and hit
- some nifty coding helpers in the command palette Ctrl+Shift+P
Open Gradient Master: opens the Deadliner's The Amiga Gradient Master tool to assist you creating color gradients for Copperlists).
Open Image Tool opens the Deadliner's Image Tool to assist you converting images to different Amiga formats.
Open Color Reducer opens the Deadliner's Color Reducer tool to assist you reducing the number of colors in images in a smart manner.
Open BLTCON Cheat Sheet: opens the Deadliner's BLTCON Cheat Sheet tool that helps you designing Blitter operations.
Open Amiga Hardware Reference Manual: opens the Amiga Hardware Reference Manual TOC hosted at amigadev.elowar.com.
Supported Amiga Models
- Possible values of
"A500": KS 1.3, ECS Agnus, 0.5MB Chip + 0.5MB Slow; needs Kickstart 1.3 ROM in
"A1200": 68020, 2MB Chip; needs Kickstart 3.1 ROM in
"A1200-FAST": A1200 with 4MB fast memory
"A1200-030": A1200 with Blizzard 1230-IV and 32MB board memory. Requires the absolute path to the Blizzard ROM in
"A3000": A3000 (no profiler support); needs Kickstart 2.0 ROM in
"A4000": 68030, 68882, 2MB Chip, 8MB FAST; needs Kickstart 3.1 ROM in
- Also, you can override the memory configuration using following fields (values are case-insensitive):
"chipmem": allowed values: "256k", "512k", "1m", "1.5m" or "2m"
"fastmem": allowed values: "0", "64k", "128k", "256k", "512k", "1m", "2m", "4m", "8m"
"slowmem": allowed values: "0", "512k", "1m", "1.8m"
Already used in these productions
This extension contains binaries of:
- modified GCC 12.1.0 (patch included)
- Copyright (C) 2022 Free Software Foundation, Inc.
- This is free software; see the source for copying conditions. There is NO warranty; not even for MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.
- modified GNU gdb (GDB) 22.214.171.12420509-git
- modified WinUAE 4.9.0
- modified Shrinkler 4.6
- Copyright 1999-2015 Aske Simon Christensen
- Modified 2020, Bartman/Abyss
- modified elf2hunk (source included)
- Copyright (c) 1995-2017, The AROS Development Team. All rights reserved.
- Modified 2018-2020, Bartman/Abyss
- GNU Make 4.2.1
- Copyright (C) 1988-2016 Free Software Foundation, Inc.
- License GPLv3+: GNU GPL version 3 or later http://gnu.org/licenses/gpl.html
- This is free software: you are free to change and redistribute it. There is NO WARRANTY, to the extent permitted by law.
run from Workbench 1.3
- unpacked exe2adf
- Copyright (c) 2015-2022 Bonefish/Reality. All rights reserved.
- modified VASM 1.9
- Copyright (c) 2002-2022 by Volker Barthelmann.
- see vasm-LICENSE
- sometimes when you're multiplying 2 WORDs together,
gcc tries to use a (slow) 32-bit multiply. So if you have performance-critical multiplications, consider using the
mulsw functions from
For development, just install the latest node.js LTS, create a new directory, clone the repository
git clone https://github.com/BartmanAbyss/vscode-amiga-debug.git, then install the dependencies with
npm install. To build, open the directory in VS Code and hit
F5. You can then test the extension without building a
To build a
npm install -g vsce (once), and then
Currently this extension only works on Windows due to the included Windows-only binaries of gcc, gdb, elf2hunk and WinUAE.
Compilation of gcc, gdb and elf2hunk on Linux should be trivial, as gcc and gdb only contain about 10 lines of code modifications. elf2hunk should work on Linux out-of-the-box. However, porting the GDB-server contained in WinUAE to FS-UAE could be a bit more work. 99% of WinUAE changes are contained in
Here are the command-lines used to compile the external tools (We're building with MinGW on WSL to
make -j16 with your number of CPU cores
Ubuntu 22.4 LTS from Microsoft Store
Enable-WindowsOptionalFeature -Online -FeatureName Microsoft-Windows-Subsystem-Linux
Enable-WindowsOptionalFeature -Online -FeatureName VirtualMachinePlatform
wsl --install -d ubuntu
MinGW on WSL2 (Ubuntu 22.04)
sudo apt install build-essential flex bison expect dejagnu texinfo mingw-w64
sudo update-alternatives --set x86_64-w64-mingw32-g++ /usr/bin/x86_64-w64-mingw32-g++-posix
git clone https://github.com/BartmanAbyss/binutils-gdb.git
LDFLAGS="-static -static-libgcc -static-libstdc++" ../binutils-gdb/configure --prefix=/mnt/c/amiga-mingw/opt --target=m68k-amiga-elf --disable-werror -enable-static --disable-shared --disable-interprocess-agent --disable-libcc --host=x86_64-w64-mingw32
tar -xf gcc-12.1.0.tar.xz
patch -p1 < ../gcc-barto.patch
mkdir -p build-gcc-12.1.0
LDFLAGS="-static -static-libgcc -static-libstdc++" ../gcc-12.1.0/configure \
make all-gcc -j16
sed 's/selftest # srcextra/# selftest srcextra/' gcc/Makefile >gcc/Makefile.tmp
mv gcc/Makefile.tmp gcc/Makefile
gcc/gcc-cross.exe -dumpspecs >gcc/specs
make all-gcc -j16
Cleaning up unnecessary files and stripping EXE files of debug information to reduce size
rm -r /mnt/c/amiga-mingw/opt/include
rm -r /mnt/c/amiga-mingw/opt/share
find /mnt/c/amiga-mingw/opt -name *.exe | xargs strip
TRUE to enable GDB/execution traces
TRUE to enable
git clone https://github.com/preactjs/preact-devtools.git
npm run build:inline
<copy dist/inline/* to preact-devtools>
WinUAE builds with Visual Studio 2022.
Create new GCC patch
diff -ruN gcc-12.1.0 gcc-12.1.0-barto > gcc-barto.patch
- TODO: better documentation
- lines of functions seem to be off (see template/main.c: function main)
- TODO: drag across flame-graph to measure durations
- TODO: multi-frame profiling: allow user to select number of frames
- TODO: code lenses: update when display unit changes, when frame changes
- stack sizes > 1024 cause UnwindTable to fail parsing (https://github.com/BartmanAbyss/vscode-amiga-debug/issues/35)
- TODO: new DMArecord fields (CIA)
- TODO: kill winuae/gdb when quitting vscode
- (internal) status of tested savestates
interference-stars.uss: overdraw not correct
gods.uss: blitrects' height not correct due to planar layout
shadesbeat.uss: not showing any bitplanes due to not setting them in copper. TODO: get bitplanes from custom registers
brianthelion-rotozoom.uss: some blitrects missing
- TODO: parser needs to check for comments
- TODO: more...
- TODO: click/follow any addresses
- execution for A4000 model is very flaky (since 1.2.1)
- TODO: fill memory with $DEAD on startup to better find uninitialized memory bugs
- TODO: debugger: detect more exceptions in a better way (not just setting a single breakpoint at every exception vector)
- memory, disassembly: use VSCode built-in requests; memory: can't get memoryReference to work on WATCH items
- disassembly chokes a bit on newlines
- data breakpoints read/read-write (there doesn't seem to be an UI for this in VSCode)
- store assembly breakpoints in one "virtual" file in breakpointMap (how?!)
- vscode.debug.activeDebugSession is undefined when program is stopped on entry
- not getting handleThreadSelected(), thread ID now set in class
- sometimes Pause/Resume button doesn't correctly switch to "Pause" icon while amiga program is running
- step out of kickstart: set fake breakpoint at 0xfffffff, WinUAE should enter TRACE_RANGE_PC mode (TODO: tighten range around loaded program), but keeps breaking later
- in disassembly view, skipping subroutines with
Step Over may not work in inlined functions (limitation of GDB)
- TODO: support multiple vector tables per library (for FPU/non-FPU mathieeesingbas)
- TODO: stack unwinding for kickstart (maybe not necessary)
- blitter doesn't get pointers if not explicitly written by CPU (e.g. reusing pointers after blit)
- TODO: correctly show blits over 2 frames (second frame is missing blitbox)
- TODO: show source blitter-rects
- TODO: show 2 resources
- TODO: tooltips for blitter-rects?
- Denise: TODO: glitches, blitrects, overdraw, ECS/AGA scrolling, AGA sprites, multi-frame
desertdream-dots.uss: sprites 2 pixels too far left