Table of Content
Pipeline Resource Distribution
This build pipeline extension provides a way to distribute one or more JSON files representing Task Groups , Variable Groups and Service Connections to one or more team projects in the same organisation.
The extension is called Distribution-Pipelines because, the Task Groups, Variable Groups and Service Connections (JSON files) which it is designed to distribute, contain tasks that together represent standard,compliant build pipelines. The current version of the extension will distribute any valid task group. See Related Topics for Task Groups, Variable Groups and Service Connections details. The build pipeline extension allows one or more teams to manage and maintain JSON definitions, which other projects in the same organisation can consume.
Add these tasks to a Build Pipeline and link the pipeline to a repo which contains one or more JSON file definitions - reprsenting task groups, variable groups and service connections. The extension requires a personal access token (PAT) of a user with the rights to add and update the resource definitions, as well as setting access control permissions of task groups in all or any team projects in the current organisation. The user should not be a member of any team project. For more details read the section Security.
Use a Hosted Agent to run the Agent Job.
Azure DevOps Details
Is Azure DevOps Cloud
This additional option recently added to support Azure DevOps Server i.e. Version 12 of extension. This option would be available in version V3 of Service connection, V8 of task groups and V3 of variable groups.
By default the option in checked to target Azure DevOps cloud only
To target Azure DevOps Server, uncheck option, this would display textbox 'Azure DevOps On-premises Url'. Enther the on-premises url. For example:
A Personal Access Token (PAT) with the correct scopes for creating and updating Taskgroups, Variablegroups and Serviceconnection across this organisation. The default value is the process variable
$(Maintain.Pipelines.Pat). Define it, and assign a PAT. The process variable must be a secret variable. It is recommended to select All Scopes when creating the PAT.
There are two options:
- Files - See the
- Folder - See the
Team Projects To Target
There are three options:
- Specific team projects - See the
- All team projects except - See the
Projects to Exclude option
- All team projects - to distribute the selected task groups, variable groups and service connection to all team projects in this organisation
The reason for the change. This would normally be the last commit message. The default value is
These are the specific team projects to which the selected task group(s), variable group(s) and Service connection(s) will be distributed. If providing multiple teams, use a comma (,) to separate each project name.
Projects to Exclude
To exclude one or more Azure DevOps Team Projects from the run use this option. If providing multiple teams, use a comma (,) to separate each and quote the names if they contain spaces.
This is the name of a single directory. Only valid JSON files in this folder will be included in the run. A task group is deemed to be valid if it conforms to the task group, variable group and service connection specification.
One or more JSON files containing a valid taskgroup, variablegroup and serviceconnection definition. If the files are not in the same directory as the script they must be fully qualified. If providing multiple files, use a comma (,) to separate each.
Deny Contributor Edit Permission
The optional permission parameter used to Deny the Contributor role Edit permission on distributed task groups
The extension is quite verbose and logs relevant progress information. If necessary, or preferred, increase verbosity to include addition progress and status information in the logs
While updating the access control list (ACL) of the team project Contributor group the extension sometimes encounters a situation where the ACL can't be loaded for the current task group. The extension will retry upto 4 times, pasuing each time for the number of seconds specified here. The default wait time is 5 seconds.
- Variable group(s) are variables used in pipeline hence distribute them first.
- Service connections are mentioned in task groups in order to communicate with external system like SonarQube, Splunk etc. hence distribute them before task group distribution.
- After successful distribution of variable groups and service connection, distribute task groups.
- With respect to task groups we have introduced a new attribute
isMinorChange. Valid values are
true. Add this attribute to the Task group JSON file. When you patch or introduce a minor change to the task group, use
"isMinorChange": "true". If the change is a major change use
"isMinorChange": "false". A minor change will not increment the Task group version. A major change will create a new task group version. If you forget to add this attribute, all task group changes, whether major, minor or patch will result in a major change, i.e. a new task group version.
The access control of each task group distributed by the extension is updated. The Contributor role is denied edit permission. Consequently a distributed task group is set to read-only in the target team project. This is by design. Centrally designed and maintained pipelines can be shared with one or more team projects. Responsibility for maintaining the task group(s) remains with originating team project.
The user of the Personal Access Token used by the extension should not be a member of the Contributor role in the target team project. Subsequent distributions of the task group will fail once the edit permission is deny if they are a member of the contributor group.
The following illustrations provide the steps to create a build pipeline based on various Des-Azure Distribution Tasks.
Navigate to the Visual Studio Marketplace
Search for 'DES Azure Distribution Tasks'
Install the Azure DevOps Pipeline extension by choosing your organization
To install extension on Azure DevOps Cloud instance, select the organization and click on install button. In order to install extension on Azure DevOps On-premises instance click Download button and install it manually.
Create a New Build Pipeline
Navigate to the Pipelines -> Build hub and select New Build Pipeline. Use a classic pipeline editor to create build pipeline
Choose your source, team project, code repository, repository branch and click on continue button
Choose a Template
Select a empty job project template
Setup Pipeline Agent Job
Enter the build pipeline name, agent job and select the agent pool to run the pipeline
Add Distribution Tasks
Add the distribution tasks by clicking plus(+) button and search the task using keyword 'Distribution'. You will see three tasks to distribute i.e. Des-Azure Variablegroup Distribution, Des-Azure Taskgroup Distribution and Des-Azure Serviceconnection Distribution. Select the appropriate distribution task in order to distribute within Azure team projects of your organization. It is advised to add the tasks in the following order:
After the selection(addition) of distribution task you will see your build pipeline as below
Configure Pipeline Variable
Get ready to Distribute Tasks
- Now you are ready to distribute Variablegroup, Serviceconnection and Taskgroup to projects in Azure DevOps of your organization.
While maintaining the extension history we have considered only major versions and they are as follows,
- v1.0 – Implemented variable group distribution to azure team projects
- v2.0 – Implemented task group distribution to azure team projects
- v3.0 – Implemented service connection distribution to azure team projects
- v4.0 – Code refactored in variable group for better maintenance and improved documentation
- v5.0 – Implemented version scheme in order to support Major and Minor versions
- v6.0 – Replaced service connection UUID with a variable
- v7.0 – Dynamic service connection and using variable or token based approach
- v8.0 – Functionality to override service connections
- v9.0 – Implemented functionality to display summary report of failed and successful team projects while distributing task groups
- v10.0 – Implemented functionality to set access permissions for a Task group as optional, and made improvements to the documentation
- v11.0 - Improved message handling in the distribute pipelines extension
- v12.0 - Support for Azure DevOps Server
Special thanks to our DES-Azure contributers team
- Michael Bentley
- Rohit Nadhe
- Deepak Deopure